What is Osgood Schlatters Disease?
Osgood Schlatters Disease is a type of knee pain which is extremely common in young kids. Pain is felt just below the knee - at the attachment of the quadriceps tendon to the tibia (the bony bump a few centimeters below the knee cap!). This condition is most often noticed during a growth spurt, usually around 12 years – 18 years of age.
How do I know if someone has Osgood Schlatters?
Osgood Schlatters is much more common in boys, this may be due to a greater involvement in sport. It is characterized by:
- Pain that is dull, near to the skin and localised to the tendon attachment (that bump below the knee cap!).
- Usually has a gradual onset but may be associated with a traumatic event.
- Tends to be aggravated by activities such as running, kneeling, kicking, squatting and jumping.
- The pain tends to linger for some time after activity and eases with rest.
- The area is usually tender to touch and pain can be produced by resisting contraction of the quadriceps muscles.
How can my Physio Help?
As with all sporting conditions, correct diagnosis and treatment should be encouraged. The primary treatments for this condition are:
- Stop the aggravating activities.
- Ice applied after any pain-producing activity.
- Gentle stretching of the quadriceps but not to the point of pain.
- Supportive tapes or straps may be of assistance.
- Other forms of physiotherapy such as ultrasound or electrotherapy may also be helpful.
- It is also important to educate the player to their condition and the probability of a complete recovery.
- Sometimes orthotics.
- Usually stronger core – especially gluteal muscles to stop overloading the knees
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